The 130th Annual Meeting of APHA

5013.0: Wednesday, November 13, 2002 - Board 7

Abstract #35820

Religious orientation and dietary behavior

Alton Hart, MD, MPH1, Jessie Satia-Abouta, PhD2, Deborah J. Bowen, PhD3, and Dale F. McLerran, MS1. (1) Cancer Prevention Research Program, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Ave N, MP-826, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, 206.667.6405,, (2) Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 4106 McGavran-Greenberg Hall, CB-7461, Chapel Hill, NC 29599, (3) Cancer Prevention Research Program, Fred Hutchinson Research Center, 1100 Fairview Ave. N. MPE702, Seattle, WA 98109

Objectives: Current research proposes a beneficial relationship between religious commitment and health. We will describe the association of religious orientation with dietary behavior among participants in the Eating for a Healthy Life Study (EHL), a dietary intervention trial in religious organizations (RO). Methods: All eligible participants completed a telephone-administered baseline survey. Religious orientation was assessed using the Allport-Ross Religious Orientation Scale that identifies intrinsic (life based on religious beliefs) and extrinsic (emphasis comfort, relief and social fellowship) religious orientation. Fat and fiber-related dietary behaviors were assessed using a version of the Fat- and Fiber-related diet behavior questionnaire (FFB). Linear regression models were used to examine the associations of religious orientations with fat- and fiber-related behaviors. Results: On both the intrinsic and extrinsic scales, high religious orientation was associated with lower fat and higher fiber intakes. For example, adjusted mean FFB fat-related scores decrease from 2.63 among participants with low intrinsic religious orientation to 2.58 among those with high intrinsic religious orientation, while adjusted mean FFB fiber related scores increase from 1.96 among participants with low extrinsic religious orientation to 2.00 among those with high extrinsic orientation. (p for trend <0.05). Conclusion: Intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientations do not appear to be mutually exclusive with respect to dietary behaviors. In addition, our results suggest that fat- and fiber- related -dietary behaviors improve as religious orientation or commitment increases, regardless of the type of religious orientation.

Learning Objectives:

  • "At the conclusion of the session, the participant (learner) in this session will be able to

    Presenting author's disclosure statement:
    I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

    Models and Methods in Faith and Health Practice

    The 130th Annual Meeting of APHA