The 130th Annual Meeting of APHA

3194.0: Monday, November 11, 2002 - 1:24 PM

Abstract #41298

Relationships between stressful work schedules and occupational injuries: New findings from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth

Allard E. Dembe, ScD, Center for Health Policy and Research, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 222 Maple Avenue, Higgins Building, Shrewsbury, MA 01545, 508-856-6162, and J. Bianca Erickson, MS, Applied Epidemiology, Inc., P.O. Box 2424, Amherst, MA 01004.

Our study utilizes data from the 1998 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) to analyze the relationship between stressful work schedules and the incidence of occupational injuries and illnesses. We also examine the impact of stressful work schedules on a variety of social, economic, vocational, and disability outcomes. The 1998 NLSY contains extensive information about the experiences of a nationally representative sample of 8,399 individuals who were 33 to 41 years old at the time of the survey. Available information includes workers' employment history, job requirements, occupational health experiences, and numerous outcome indicators. Using these data, we categorized work schedules according to the type of shift work performed (day, evening, night, split, rotating), overtime work, extended hours per week (60+), and extended hours per day (12+). Preliminary findings indicate that occupational injury and illness incidence rates are approximately 54% higher among those exposed to overtime work, 16-21% higher for those working 45+ hours per week, and 33% higher for those working 12+ hours per day. Similar effects are seen among employees exposed to night shifts, who have incidence rates 50% higher, evening shifts 33% higher, and rotating shifts 20% higher than those working conventional day schedules. Our preliminary data also suggest that minority and low-wage workers may be disproportionately affected, with blacks (40% greater) and Hispanics (26%) more likely than whites to work a night or evening shift, and similar trends observed among low-wage (52%) and low-education (19%) workers compared to those in higher wage and income brackets.

Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of the session, the participant (learner) in this session will be able to

Keywords: Workplace Stressors, Occupational Health

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Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

Organization of Work & Occupational Health

The 130th Annual Meeting of APHA