The 130th Annual Meeting of APHA

4003.0: Tuesday, November 12, 2002 - Board 3

Abstract #45259

California Smoke-Free Workplace Law: Compliance and opinion survey results from Los Angeles County, 1998-2001

Mark D. Weber, PhD, Division of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, County of Los Angeles Department of Health Services, 3530 Wilshire Blvd., 8th Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90010, (213) 351-7810, mweber@dhs.co.la.ca.us and Dee Ann S. Bagwell, MA, MPH, Tobacco Control & Prevention Program, Los Angeles County Department of Health Services, 3530 Wilshire Blvd., 8th Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90010.

An annual site inspection survey of a random sample of Los Angeles County bars and restaurants monitoring compliance with the California Smoke-Free Workplace Law shows substantial gains between 1998 and 2001. However, about 33% of stand alone bars still fail to comply with the California Smoke-Free Workplace Law in comparison to approximately 1% for combination bar/restaurants. Moreover, 2001 survey findings show a leveling off in compliance among stand alone bars. To identify reasons for the relatively high noncompliance rates among stand alone bars, a brief interviewer-administered survey of bar management and staff was conducted in July of 2001. The results indicated that 43% of stand alone bar management/staff favored repealing the California Smoke-Free Workplace Law compared to 17% among combination bar/restaurants. Among stand alone bar management/staff who favored repealing the law, 67% of bar/restaurants staff agreed with the statement that "the law has hurt business", 53% agreed with "smoking should be the owner's choice, not the government's", 40% agreed with "the law unfairly discriminates against smokers", and 32% agreed with "the law forces me to police my customers." These findings indicate that 3 years after the implementation of the California Smoke-Free Workplace Law, a substantial number of stand alone owners/managers favor repealing the law, primarily based on economic concerns. Dispelling the "myth" of economic harm held by owners and managers of stand alone bars may be needed before further gains in compliance can be achieved.

Learning Objectives: During this session, the presenters will discuss how to

Keywords: Tobacco Legislation, Tobacco Policy

Related Web page: www.lapublichealth.org

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

State Clean Indoor Air / Environmental Tobacco Smoke Poster Session

The 130th Annual Meeting of APHA