The 130th Annual Meeting of APHA

4139.0: Tuesday, November 12, 2002 - Board 6

Abstract #46524

Liquor License Density and Domestic Violence in Baltimore County, Maryland

Hsieng-Teh Su, MD MPH MBA, Division of Preventive and Occupational Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street SW, Baldwin 5A, Rochester, MN 55905, 507-284-2511,, Jurek George Grabowski, MPH, School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 600 N. Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21287-2080, Tim Lesnick, MS, Division of Biostatistics, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street SW, Harwick 7, Rochester, MN 55905, and Guohuo Li, MD, DrPH, Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 E. Monument Street, Suite 6-100, Baltimore, MD 21205.

Objective: Domestic violence is an important social and economic problem in the United States. Alcohol’s availability and its association with aggressive behavior has been controversial. The objectives of this research paper are to look at the relationship between liquor license density and domestic violence in Baltimore County, Maryland and to find possible predictors of domestic violence.

Method: Domestic violence and liquor license data have been gathered from the Baltimore county police department and the Baltimore liquor board respectively. The socioeconomic factors of Baltimore County are gathered from the 1990 Census. The data has been analyzed by using the Geographic Information System (GIS) and statistical methods including multiple linear regression.

Results: The annual incidence rate of police-recorded domestic violence was 12.3 per 1000 population ranging from 0.76 to 58.39 per 1000 population across census tracts. There were a total of 673 licensed liquor stores, yielding a mean liquor store density of 1.3 per 1000 population with a standard deviation of 2.7 licenses per 1000 population. With adjustment for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics at the census tract level, every unit increase in liquor license density is associated with a 9% increase (p<0.001) in domestic violence density.

Conclusions: The research finding indicates that a higher number of liquor stores in a geographic region is associated with higher domestic violence density, even after taking into account the socioeconomic factors of the county.

Learning Objectives: At the end of the session, the participant in this session will be able to

Keywords: Alcohol, Domestic Violence

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

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The 130th Annual Meeting of APHA