The 130th Annual Meeting of APHA

3285.0: Monday, November 11, 2002 - Board 2

Abstract #46639

Alcohol and employment status: One more piece of the puzzle

Eunice Rodriguez, DrPH, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University, 107 MVR Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, (607) 255-2505, and Pinky Chandra, MA, CISER, Cornell University, 294 Caldwell Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853.

Objectives: To better understand the complexity of alcohol abuse and the different patterns observed among men and women, in this study we analyzed how individual, and contextual factors influence and interact with welfare benefits, employment, family, and social circumstances in the prediction of alcohol abuse.

Methods and Results: We analyzed panel data from the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH) 1987 and 1992. A total of 4,561 women and 3,077 men were included in different logistic regression analysis. Two different alcohol dependent variables were used: (a) whether in the past 30 days the respondent has had five or more drinks in a day, four or more days, and (b) total number of drinks that the respondent had in the past 30 days. For women, we found that the only occupational group significantly reporting heavy drinking was that of welfare recipients who were working while receiving the benefits. Those who were not working while receiving benefit were not different from the fully-employed women, and those who were out of the labor market were about 30% less likely to be heavy drinkers than the fully employed. Higher income and family assets were predictive of moderate drinking, but not of heavy drinking. Other factors such as change in marital status between 1987 and 1992 were not predictive of drinking behavior. For men, retirement predicted less likelihood of drinking, and changes in marital status between 1987 and 1992 were predictive of heavy drinking. Higher education and family assets were associated with moderate drinking.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Alcohol Use, Workforce

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

Alcohol Use and Misuse: Understanding the Issues Poster Session

The 130th Annual Meeting of APHA