The 131st Annual Meeting (November 15-19, 2003) of APHA

The 131st Annual Meeting (November 15-19, 2003) of APHA

3357.0: Monday, November 17, 2003 - Board 2

Abstract #56222

Development of a tool to monitor food insecurity in the Sierra de Manantlán, Mexico

Lucia Lynn Kaiser, PhD, RD1, Enriqueta Valdez Curiel, MD, MS2, Hugo Melgar Quiñonez, MD PhD1, and Ana Claudia Zubieta, PhD1. (1) Nutrition, University of California at Davis, One Shield Ave., Davis, CA 95616, (530) 754-9063,, (2) School of Medicine, University of Guadalajara, CUSUR, Prolongacion Colon S/N Km. 1, Ciudad Guzman, Mexico

About 10 years ago, the Sierra de Manantlán reserve was established in Jalisco, Mexico to protect the flora and fauna in an ecologically-sensitive region, yet little is known about the well-being of families living in small, isolated communities of the reserve. Therefore, this research was conducted to develop a valid, easily-administered instrument for monitoring household food insecurity in this region. A survey was conducted among all households with preschool children (n=107) in 10 communities within the reserve. Based on findings from focus groups, wording of the 18-item U.S. food insecurity tool was modified to fit the Mexican context. Other data included household composition, household assets, housing characteristics, education, and a self-reported inventory of food supplies. The pattern of response to the 18 food security items in the Mexican population was similar to that previously reported for a Latino immigrant population in California, but the magnitude of food insecurity was much greater in Mexico. Only 2.8% reported being food secure, whereas 44% reported mild food insecurity, 33% reported moderate hunger, and 19.7% reported severe hunger. Greater food insecurity was significantly correlated with lower total food supplies (r= -0.27**), animal source foods (r= -0.23**), dairy products (r= -0.19*), processed foods (r= -0.31**), and refined sugar products (r= -0.27**), *p <0.05, **p < 0.01. Socioeconomic indicators, including education and housing characteristics, were not correlated with food supplies. In conclusion, a modified 18-item tool may be useful to public health in monitoring food insecurity and hunger in rural Mexico. Funded by UC MEXUS

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Food Security, Latinos

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

Health and Healthy Behaviors Among Latinos

The 131st Annual Meeting (November 15-19, 2003) of APHA