The 131st Annual Meeting (November 15-19, 2003) of APHA

The 131st Annual Meeting (November 15-19, 2003) of APHA

3333.0: Monday, November 17, 2003 - Board 5

Abstract #58560

Smoking practices, knowledge, and attitudes among Vietnamese men in Seattle, WA

Nadine L. Chan, MPH1, Beti Thompson, PhD, Victoria M. Taylor, MD, MPH3, Yutaka Yasui, PhD3, Elizabeth Acorda, BA3, and J. Carey Jackson, MD, MA, MPH4. (1) Public Health Sciences Division/Cancer Prevention Research Program, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Ave. N., MP702, PO Box 19024, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, 206-667-7569,, (2) Cancer Prevention Research Program, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, PO Box 19024, MP702, 1100 Fairview Avenue N., Seattle, WA 98109-1024, (3) Division of General Internal Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, Box 359780, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104

Introduction: Smoking prevalence among Vietnamese men, ranging up to 43% in the United States, is far from the Healthy People 2010 objective to reduce cigarette smoking in adults to 12%. However, little is known about smoking attitudes among men in this community. Methods: We conducted an in-person health survey of Vietnamese men in Seattle, Washington during 2002. Trained bicultural, bilingual male interviewers interviewed 509 adult males in Vietnamese households (response rate of 79%). The 37-item smoking section of the questionnaire includes items about smoking, knowledge, and attitudes. Our respondents were knowledgeable about the health effects of first-hand and second-hand smoke, often with over 80% answering the questions in this section correctly. While 64% of the respondents were former or current smokers, not everyone was asked if they smoked at their last routine check-up (72%). Most of our respondents had friends who smoke (94%). Attitudes about smoking showed more acceptance for male smokers than for female smokers. 30% of respondents thought it was appropriate for Vietnamese men to smoke with friends compared to the 2% who thought it was appropriate for Vietnamese women to smoke with friends. Current smokers reported smoking when there were feeling depressed (89%), when drinking (90%), and with friends (96%). Conclusion: There still exists a high prevalence of smoking among Vietnamese men. Our findings suggest a couple areas of focus when designing smoking cessation interventions for this community: in addition to emphasizing the health effects of smoking, we should also decrease the social acceptance of smoking in the community.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Smoking, Asian Americans

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

Sociocultural Determinants of the Health of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders

The 131st Annual Meeting (November 15-19, 2003) of APHA