The 131st Annual Meeting (November 15-19, 2003) of APHA

The 131st Annual Meeting (November 15-19, 2003) of APHA

3394.0: Monday, November 17, 2003 - 8:50 PM

Abstract #65476

Cultural adaptation of quantitative instruments in health research: From minimum to gold standard

Colleen M. Davison, MPH, OTC, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, 2-1028 13th Ave SW, Calgary, AB T2R0L6, Canada, (403) 245 1412,

Significant improvements in information technology, communication and transportation have contributed to increased international collaborations, travel and multiculturalism. Although health related research takes place in many countries and with diverse groups, the majority of established measurement tools are Anglo-American in origin. There is a growing and significant need for culturally appropriate measurement instruments in health research. Cultural adaptation has been defined as the process that looks both at language (termed translation or linguistic validation) and the evaluation of psychometric properties of a measurement tool for use in new settings. An extensive review of relevant literature was conducted, and although many cultural adaptation methods exist, a gold standard method has not yet arisen. Appropriate methods, which could represent at least minimum standards, do not appear to be widely known. Three existing methods of cultural adaptation will be examined and discussed. The author argues for the establishment and dissemination of minimum standards, in relation to cultural adaptation of measurement instruments, which should be recognised by health researchers conducting multicultural and international work.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: International Health, Cultural Competency

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

Measurement Methods and Issues

The 131st Annual Meeting (November 15-19, 2003) of APHA