The 131st Annual Meeting (November 15-19, 2003) of APHA

The 131st Annual Meeting (November 15-19, 2003) of APHA

3206.0: Monday, November 17, 2003 - Board 2

Abstract #66617

Hospitalized occupational injuries and illnesses treated in United States emergency departments

Keisha L. Tyler, MPH, Division of Safety Research, NIOSH, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS H1808, Morgantown, WV 26505, (304) 285-5994, KTyler1@cdc.gov and Larry L. Jackson, PhD, Division of Safety Research, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS H1808, Morgantown, WV 26505.

Purpose: To estimate the number and rate of nonfatal occupational hospitalized injuries and illnesses treated in emergency departments and to compare work-related hospitalized injuries to those treated and released from emergency departments. Methods: Data were obtained from emergency department records through the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), a national probability sample of United States 24-hour emergency departments. Results: An estimated 70,100 (16,900) nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses treated in emergency departments in 1999 resulted in hospitalization. Hospitalized males had an injury/illness rate (7.51.9 per 10,000 full-time equivalent workers (FTE)) three times higher than females (2.30.6). Despite workers £54 comprising 82% (57,80014,600) of hospitalized injuries, the injury rate for workers ³55 (7.81.8) was two times higher, although not statistically significant. Dislocations/fractures (36%), lacerations/punctures (13%), and concussions (8%) represented 58% of hospitalized injuries. Contact with objects and equipment (37%), i.e., struck by falling or hand-held objects, and falls (33%) were the leading hospitalized injury events. About 40% (23,3005,000) of injuries to workers £54 were due to contact with objects and equipment resulting in fractures (26%) and severe lacerations (23%). Falls comprised about half (5,6001,500) of hospitalized injuries to workers ³55 with 77% of these falls resulting in fractures. Many hospitalized injuries occurred in construction (21%), manufacturing (16%), and services (14%) industries. Overall, agriculture comprised 8% of hospitalized injuries; however among workers ³65, agriculture represented 28% of their injuries. Conclusions: Prevention of the most severe workplace injuries must focus on contact with objects and falls, taking into account age-specific issues by industry.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Occupational Injury and Death, Injury Risk

Related Web page: www2.cdc.gov/risqs/default.asp

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

Monitoring the Injury Problem: Poster Session

The 131st Annual Meeting (November 15-19, 2003) of APHA