132 Annual Meeting Logo - Go to APHA Meeting Page  
APHA Logo - Go to APHA Home Page

Combating Infant Mortality: The Importance of Breastfeeding Promotion in the African American Community

Darcey Lynn Cobbs, BA, MBA, Harlem Hospital, Ronald H. Brown Building, 560 Lenox Avenue, New York, NY 10037, 917-748-9970, darcey@earthlink.net

Infant mortality rates in the African-American community continue to remain above the national average. Areas of focus to combat infant mortality include programs for both pre-natal and post-natal care with a special emphasis on SIDS. There is, however, little focus being placed on the importance of breastfeeding and its role in improving the short and long-term health of African-American infants. While the rate at which African-American women initiate breastfeeding is increasing, it remains lower than that of other ethnic groups who consequently have lower infant mortality rates. This presentation will highlight the current research and statistics available on the leading causes of infant mortality in America with a comparison to other developed and less developed countries. The numerous benefits of providing human milk to infants will be outlined along with a detailed discussion of the influence of formula on the health of African-American Babies and the relative associated risks. Key strategies for breastfeeding promotion, outreach and support in the African-American community are presented.

Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of this presentation participants will be able to

Keywords: Infant Mortality, Breast Feeding

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

Its Time to Declare War on the Leading Causes of Death and Disability in Racial and Ethnic Populations

The 132nd Annual Meeting (November 6-10, 2004) of APHA