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Prevalence and factors associated with walking and bicycling for transport among young adults in two low income localities of Bogotá, Colombia

Luis Gomez, MD MPH1, Olga Sarmiento, MD MPH PhD2, Diego Lucumi, MD MPH1, and Gladis Espinosa, MSc3. (1) Health Division, Fundación FES Social, Cra 7 # 73-55. Room 1202, Bogota, Colombia, 57(1) 3 130882, lfgomez@fundacionfes.org, (2) Department of Social Medicine & Centro de Estudios e Información en Salud, School of Medicine, Universidad de los Andes, Calle 119 # 9-32, Bogota, Colombia, (3) Health Department, Health Department of Bogotá DC, Colombia, calle 59# 46-17 Int 12 Apto 202, Bogota, Colombia

Background: Bogotá's infrastructure for pedestrian and bike-ways to promote bicycling and walking can be important and regular sources of physical activity for adults. Methods: This study estimated the prevalence and the factors associated with walking and bicycling for transport among a probability sample of 1,465 young adults (age 18-29yrs). The study was conducted during the year 2002 in two low-income localities of Bogotá (Santafe,Tunjuelito), one of which is part of CARMEN, an initiative of the Pan American Health Organization to reduce risk factors associated with non-communicable diseases. Results: Overall, 16.7% adults reported bicycling for transport for at least 10 minutes during the last 7 days. In contrast, 71.7% adults reported walking for transport for at least 90 minutes during the last 7 days. Bicycling was less likely among women, (adjusted prevalence odds ratio [95% confidence interval], 0.13 [0.08,0.21]), adults with college education (0.42 [0.19,092]) and more likely among those affiliated to community groups (2.99[1.49,6.02]), who live in Tunjuelito (hilly terrain) (2.94[1.96 –4.42]), who usually use the “ciclovía” (main avenues are restricted for motor vehicles on Sundays for recreational purposes) (2.28[1.32 –3.93]) or who reported irregular physical activity during leisure time (1.83[1.26,2.67]). Walking was less likely among housewives (0.65[0.48,0.89]), those who live in Tunjuelito (0.58[0.43,0.79]) and more likely among those who reported inactive physical activity during leisure time (2.71[1.52,4.82]). Conclusion: Differences in socio-demographic, social and physical environmental factors associated with bicycling and walking should be considered when developing strategies to promote physical activity programs involving bicycling or walking in Bogotá.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Physical Activity, Urban Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

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The 132nd Annual Meeting (November 6-10, 2004) of APHA