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Medicaid home and community based services for the elderly during the fiscal crisis

Martin Kitchener, PhD, MBA, Department of Social & Behavioral Sciences, University of California San Francisco, 3333 California St, Suite 455, San Francisco, CA 94143-0612, 415-502-7364, martink@itsa.ucsf.edu, Charlene Harrington, PhD, Disability Statistics Center, Institute for Health & Aging, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Room 340, San Francisco, CA 94118, Terence Ng, MA, Dept of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California San Francisco, 3333 California Ave, Suite 455, San Francisco, CA 94118, and Risa Elias, MPP, Kaiser Family Foundation, 1450 G ST, NW Suite 250, Washington, DC 20005.

During the 1990s, in response to growing consumer demand for community-based alternatives to nursing homes, states steadily expanded combinations of three Medicaid home and community based services (HCBS): home health, personal care, and waivers. As the U.S. economy slipped into recession, many states face economic crisis and 43 reported budget gaps between declining revenue and increased Medicaid spending. As the states search for new ways to control Medicaid LTC costs, seniors’ access to both Medicaid HCBS and nursing home care is threatened. This paper presents the latest available trend data on participants and expenditures for the three Medicaid HCBS programs from surveys of all states from 1999 through 2002, and the findings from a national survey of cost control polices on each program in 2002. Data for 2002 indicate that the growth rates in participants and expenditures are flat and are slowing in some states. The 2002 policy survey data also report how states are changing benefit, financial eligibility, and need policies to slow HCBS growth. The trends in Medicaid HCBS expenditures are compared with CMS Form 64 data concerning Medicaid nursing home expenditures over the same period.

Learning Objectives: Learning Objectives. From this session participants will be able to

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

Health Policy and Aging

The 132nd Annual Meeting (November 6-10, 2004) of APHA