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[ Recorded presentation ] Recorded presentation

Outcomes of a Church-based Mammography Screening Program Among African American Women in Rural Alabama

Mary Edith Powell, EdD, MPA1, Vivian L. Carter, PhD2, Eunice Bonsi, PhD3, Licia W. Williamson, MSN, RN4, and Lucille Taylor-Smith, MSN, RN4. (1) Nursing and Allied Health, Tuskegee University, 2109 Williams-Bowie Hall, Tuskegee, AL 36088, 334-727-8051, powell@tuskegee.edu, (2) Department of Sociology, Tuskegee University, Thrasher Hall, Tuskegee, AL 36088, (3) Cooperative Extension Program, Tuskegee University, Morrison-Mayberry Hall, Tuskegee, AL 36088, (4) School of Nursing, Tuskegee University, Basil O'Connor Hall, Tuskegee, AL 36088

Purpose: This study evaluates the effectiveness of an educational program aimed at increasing breast cancer screening rates among African American women. Specifically, we examined: (1) the increase in mammography rates, and (2) the factors that contribute to mammography attainment among women 40 years old and older. Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental design with a total of 171 African American women living in two counties in rural Alabama. The program used two videos plus Q & A sessions. The participants were recruited through Black churches. This project replicated one previously done in the urban Nashville area by Dr. Baqar Husaini, Tennessee State University. Findings: Among the women who were not up-to-date at T1 interview, the group increased in mammogram attainment by 18.5% (from 42.0% at T1 to 60.5% at T2). Further, depression did not affect the mammography rate either at T1 or T2, whereas social support significantly increased the rate of mammography among women who did not report having a mammogram at T1. Conclusions: A church-based educational intervention program significantly increases mammography among African American women living in rural counties.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: African American, Breast Cancer Screening

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

[ Recorded presentation ] Recorded presentation

Eliminating Health Disparities: Findings From Research Conducted By HBCU Investigators

The 132nd Annual Meeting (November 6-10, 2004) of APHA