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Sociodemographic determinants of family resilience in a multi-site evaluation

Resa Matthew, MS1, Eddie McCormick1, and Min Qi Wang, PhD2. (1) McFarland Institute, 8601 Georgia Ave., Suite 601, Silver Spring, MD 20910, 301-565-2035, rmatthew@mcfarlandinstitute.org, (2) Department of Public and Community Health, University of Maryland, CHHP, College Park, MD 20742

Community-based parent education programs are a common component of service plans for parents of youth exposed to multiple risk factors for negative outcomes. Despite their widespread use, few studies have evaluated the programs from a strengths based perspective to include an examination of family resilience in high risk families. This longitudinal study employed a multi-site evaluation to examine the influence of various sociodemographic characteristics on family resilience. Participants were 558 parents in a parent program with children who were at risk for behavior problems, delinquency, school failure, and substance use. The analysis of covariance ANCOVA, with baseline scores as the covariate, was used to examine the differences in outcome among five sociodemographic factors. The ANCOVA results were significant for three sociodemographic characteristics. Specifically, through examination of adjusted means, females in the program significantly (p < .05) improved over the males. Moreover, the results indicate a significant (p < .05) difference among the racial groups. The Bonferroni procedure was used to control for family wise errors across multiple comparisons. Post hoc comparisons indicate the Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander group of participants did not significantly improve in comparison to all other racial groups. Finally, post hoc comparisons with adjusted means indicate that participants in the age group 14-25 years did better and participants in the age group 45-55 did worse. These findings have implications for clinicians, program planners, and policy makers as they make decisions for targeting groups that may best be served while working under fiscal constraints.

Learning Objectives:

  • Learning Objectives
  • At the conclusion of the session, participants in the session will be able to

    Presenting author's disclosure statement:
    I have a significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.
    Relationship: The study described was supported by grant number 6 UD1 SP09227 from CSAP, SAMHSA, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CSAP, SAMHSA

    Exploring Effective Methods To Reach Children At Risk

    The 132nd Annual Meeting (November 6-10, 2004) of APHA