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[ Recorded presentation ] Recorded presentation

Diabetes: Factors influencing self-care among African Americans in rural and urban populations

Connie M. Webster, DNSc, RNC, Nursing and Allied Health, University of the District of Columbia, 4200 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Building 44, Room 102, Washington, DC 20008, 202-274-5940, elliewalker@msn.com

This study assessed urban and rural African Americans diagnosed with Type II Diabetes. The purposes of the study were: 1) to identify and evaluate self-care behaviors implemented for diabetes control by African Americans with Type II diabetes, and 2) to develop a model of self-care behaviors for Type II diabetics with the goal of reducing risk factors associated with uncontrolled diabetes. The study was implemented in two phases. During Phase One, data was collected to identify effective self-care behaviors. Data collected in Phase One was the basis for identifying individuals who were implementing health promoting behaviors and those at risk for developing complications based on co-existing morbidity, lifestyle variables, blood glucose levels, weight, knowledge of the disease, diet, and health beliefs. During Phase two, persons identified to be at risk for complications of diabetes secondary to poor self-care behaviors were targeted for participation in an intervention model developed to increase the use of health promoting behaviors. The intervention model including structured educational sessions focusing on proper nutrition and diet, food exchanges, food preparation, and selection of foods from a restaurant menu.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Health Departments, Health Promotion

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

[ Recorded presentation ] Recorded presentation

Eliminating Health Disparities: Findings From Research Conducted By HBCU Investigators

The 132nd Annual Meeting (November 6-10, 2004) of APHA