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Session: Panel: Environmental Contributions to Mental Disorder for African Americans
3084.0: Monday, November 8, 2004: 8:30 AM-10:00 AM
Panel: Environmental Contributions to Mental Disorder for African Americans
Epidemiologic and clinical studies show that African Americans face multitude environmental exposures that increase risk for serious mental illness. For example, the trauma literature provides substantial evidence that links exposure to violence to major depression. Environmental insults contribute to a number of co-morbid conditions such as PTSD, hypertension, overweight, and diabetes. To complicate the problem, environmentally based barriers such as geographic proximity of services and poor public transportation place significant barriers in front of African Americans attempting to gain access to mental health care. Finally, when African Americans do receive care, they are at incerased risk for treatment inequities like inappropriate medication and errors in diagnosis. Public health social workers play an instrumental role in correcting such problems among African Americans and other racial/ethnic groups which have had difficulties entering various parts of the medical care delivery system. In this symposium, presenters will explore a range of approaches to understanding how physical and social environments affect the prevalence of comorbid conditions, access to care, and mental health treatment for African Americans. As a symposium, these papers will further understanding about theimpact of environmental exposures, at multiple levels, on the mental health of African Americans in the community and in treatment settings. The ensuing discussion will raise new inquiries into the role of culture in research on mental disorders from the researcher, practitioner, and client perspectives.
Learning Objectives: Attendees will be able to describe the effect of exposure to trauma on depression and co-morbid conditions among women. Attendees will be able to discuss the impact of the environment on providing social services to ethnic minorities dealing with weight issues. Atteendees will be able to identify situational factors that clinicians consider when making diagnostic decisions. Attendees will be able to describe a culturally responsive intervention.
Moderator(s):Julia Hastings, MSW, PhD
8:30 AMEnvironmental contributions to mental disorder for African Americans
Julia Hastings, MSW, PhD, Briggett C Ford, ACSW, MPH, PhD, Lani V. Jones, PhD, LICSW, Steven J. Trierweiler, PhD, Sophia Hussen, MPH, Harold Neighbors, PhD
8:40 AMRelationship between violence and depression in urban African American women
Briggett C Ford, ACSW, MPH, PhD
8:45 AMPatient and clinician race, and situation information in patientsí self report as a context for diagnosis of major depression
Jordana Muroff, MSW, MA
8:55 AMPatient-clinician race match as a context for symptom attribution and diagnosis: Evidence from test-retest interviews in a hospital setting
Steven J. Trierweiler, PhD
9:00 AMGroup work innovations in reducing depressive symptoms among black women
Lani V. Jones, PhD, LICSW
9:10 AMBody weight and self-reported mental health: The double jeopardy problem among California racial minorities
Julia F. Hastings, MSW, PhD, Julian Chow, PhD
9:20 AMClinician perspectives on race and diagnosis: A focus group study
Harold W. Neighbors, PhD, Sophia Hussen, MPH
See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement and author's information.
Organized by:Social Work
Endorsed by:Community Health Planning and Policy Development; Health Administration; Mental Health; Occupational Health and Safety; Public Health Education and Health Promotion; Socialist Caucus
CE Credits:CME, Health Education (CHES), Nursing

The 132nd Annual Meeting (November 6-10, 2004) of APHA