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Session: Incarcerated HIV+ Women: What Do They Need?
4177.0: Tuesday, November 9, 2004: 12:30 PM-2:00 PM
Incarcerated HIV+ Women: What Do They Need?
At mid-year 2002, over 165,000 women were incarcerated in the United States. Women represent less than 10 percent of the incarcerated population, but the percentage of HIV+ women in prison is higher (2.9%) than men (1.9%) and significantly higher than the prevalence among non-incarcerated women. The behaviors that put women at risk for HIV are often related to their incarceration status and are products of a gendered socioeconomic environment that places women in dependent relationships both with men and with the larger society. Most important among these are survival sex and drug-dependency. These behaviors may be both the product and cause of a number of interrelated variables such as compromised mental health status, homelessness, undereducation, unemployment, and substance use that challenge consistent HIV care and case management, particularly as previously incarcerated women transition from prison into community life. This session describes a Centers for Disease Control and Health Resources and Services Administration-funded Corrections Demonstration Project (CDP) designed to provide continuity of care for incarcerated HIV+ inmates, as they transition to community life. Here, we emphasize the health and social service needs of women incarcerated in county jails. First, we provide an overview of results obtained from three national sites: Chicago, New York, and Jacksonville, Florida. Next, we provide a description of HIV prevention programs targeting incarcerated women in Florida. Finally, we consider program implementation, service delivery and the needs of HIV+ incarcerated women through a discussion of the CDP as implemented in Jacksonville.
Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of the session, the participant will be able to: (1) Recognize the special needs of HIV+ incarcerated women; (2) Identify barriers and facilitators of health care utilization by HIV+ women both pre- and post-incarceration; and (3) Describe key issues in the development, implementation, and maintenance of health services programs for HIV+ incarcerated women.
Organizer(s):Nancy L. Winterbauer, PhD
Moderator(s):April L. Winningham, MHS, DrPH
12:30 PMHIV positive women in jail: Baseline findings from the Corrections Demonstration Project
Kimberly R. Jacob Arriola, PhD, Kendall Moore
12:45 PMHealth of incarcerated women: Programs for HIV-infected women in Florida  [ Recorded presentation ]
Paula P. Burns, MSH, Priscilla H. Wood, BA
1:00 PMIssues in the development and implementation of a continuity of care case-management program for HIV+ incarcerated persons transitioning to community life: Focusing on women's needs  [ Recorded presentation ]
Nancy L. Winterbauer, PhD, Anita Davis, BA, Tara Ramo, Kim Frase, William C. Livingood, PhD
1:15 PMHealth and social service needs, expectations, and experiences of HIV+-jailed women  [ Recorded presentation ]
Thomas Bryant III, Nancy L. Winterbauer, PhD, Tao Hou, MPH, Anita Y. Davis, BA, Paula P. Burns, MSH, William C. Livingood, PhD
1:30 PMJail and community case management for HIV+/incarcerated women: Jacksonville's Jail LINC Project  [ Recorded presentation ]
Tina C. Vaughn, BA, Kathryn Castro, Dan R. Ashdon
See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement and author's information.
Organized by:Women's Caucus
Endorsed by:APHA-Committee on Women's Rights; Community Health Planning and Policy Development; HIV/AIDS; Health Administration; Maternal and Child Health; Population, Family Planning, and Reproductive Health; Public Health Education and Health Promotion; Socialist Caucus
CE Credits:CME, Health Education (CHES), Nursing

The 132nd Annual Meeting (November 6-10, 2004) of APHA