132 Annual Meeting Logo - Go to APHA Meeting Page  
APHA Logo - Go to APHA Home Page
Session: From Prevention to Care: HIV/AIDS Issues in High Prevalence Countries
4231.0: Tuesday, November 9, 2004: 2:30 PM-4:00 PM
From Prevention to Care: HIV/AIDS Issues in High Prevalence Countries
In countries with high HIV prevalence, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, AIDS is taking a debilitating toll on countries’ social fabrics. The disease strikes down the most productive segments of populations, drains health systems and individuals of resources to address other concerns, destroys family units, creates burgeoning classes of orphans, and can rob entire populations of opportunities to fulfill their dreams and aspirations. Successfully addressing the AIDS issue is among the highest priorities of national governments in high-prevalence countries, involving a range of approaches from prevention to early treatment to care of those affected. This panel presents insights on a few approaches used in some of these stages, citing research from India, the Caribbean, Tanzania, Zambia, and South Africa. Two presentations describe youth people’s knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to HIV/AIDS prevention, and factors that lead to high-risk behaviors. Then findings are described from innovative programs seeking to prevent HIV/AIDS by working through traditional healers, and participatory, empowering methods to reach low and non-literate populations. Finally, qualitative research is presented on needs of HIV positive women, and quantitative research provides insights on the effect of involving youth in care of AIDS patients. Taken together, the findings should help RH professionals better understand individual and program needs in countries of high HIV prevalence, and to design programs and policies that best address those needs.
Learning Objectives: By the end of the session, participants will be able to: 1) cite aspects of young people's knowledge on HIV/AIDS in two countries and how they make decisions about sexual activity 2) describe the effects of preventive approaches used in South Africa and the Caribbean to reach low and non-literate populations 3) describe needs of HIV positive women in South Africa and how to address them 4) discuss the effectiveness of involving youth in care of AIDS patients on youth attitudes and sexual practices
Moderator(s):Joan Haffey
2:30 PMGender differences in knowledge, attitudes and prevention of HIV/AIDS/STI among youth in West Bengal, India
Dr. Mallika Mitra Biswas, PhD, Dr. Sona Sethi, MBBS, Laboni Jana, Kakali Bhattacharya
2:42 PMComplicated Roads to HIV: Young women, Poverty, and Romance in Dar es Salaam  [ Recorded presentation ]
Heidi Lary, MHS, Jessie Mbwambo, MD, Maligo Katebalila, BA, Ann McCauley, PhD, Suzanne Maman, PhD
2:54 PMPrivileging literacy: Methodologies Developed and used in the Caribbean and South Africa to teach HIV prevention and catalyse community empowerment to low and non-literate populations
Nesha Z. Haniff, MPH Phd
3:06 PMTeaching the Teachers: Introduction of an accessible HIV prevention module to South African traditional healers
Leseliey Rose Welch, MPH
3:18 PMListening to women’s voices: Needs and worries among a group of HIV positive women in Soweto, South Africa and their patterns of HIV positive serostatus disclosure  [ Recorded presentation ]
Jeanne Miriam Moseley, MPH, Jennifer S. Hirsch, PhD
3:30 PMImpact of a care and support intervention on HIV risk perceptions and sexual behavior of young people in rural Zambia  [ Recorded presentation ]
Katie Schenk, MA, MSc, Eka Esu-Williams, PhD, Joseph Motsepe, Moses Zulu, Amos Kasongo, Scott Geibel, MPH
See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement and author's information.
Organized by:Population, Family Planning, and Reproductive Health
Endorsed by:HIV/AIDS; International Health; Public Health Nursing; Socialist Caucus; Women's Caucus
CE Credits:CME, Health Education (CHES), Nursing

The 132nd Annual Meeting (November 6-10, 2004) of APHA