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American Public Health Association
133rd Annual Meeting & Exposition
December 10-14, 2005
Philadelphia, PA
APHA 2005
3344.0: Monday, December 12, 2005 - Board 1

Abstract #104827

Domestic Violence and Rural/Urban and Suburban Similarities and Differences

Nannette F. Van Dyke, PhD, PCNP and Gale Spencer, PhD, RN. Decker School of Nursing, Binghamton University, PO Box 6000, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000, 304-782-3374, nvandyke@binghamton.edu

Domestic violence has been identified as a pervasive public health issue, as perilous as any microbial disease, with far reaching effects for society, and a serious violation of women's human rights. In the National Violence Against Women Survey, 25% of a nationally representative sample of 8,000 U.S. women stated that they had been assaulted by an intimate partner at some time in their lives. Victims of domestic violence cross gender, race, religion and socioeconomic status.This presentation will discuss the similarities and differences regarding Domestic violence among women in rural, suburban and urban areas. While research on various forms of family violence has increased dramatically in recent years, very little has focused on domestic violence in rural settings. In addition, few studies have compared the prevalence of domestic violence in urban, suburban and rural areas. The purpose of this presentation is to identify the similarities and differences that rural, suburban and urban women face when confronting domestic violence. Using a secondary data base generated by the Commonwealth Fund, answers to the following questions will be discussed: 1) Are there differences in the rates of domestic violence for rural women as compared to urban or suburban women? 2) Are there differences in social indicators (education, income, employment and insurance status) and domestic violence status in rural women as compared to urban or suburban women? 3) Are there differences between demographic factors (age, race ethnicity, and marital status) and domestic violence status among women in rural, urban, and suburban areas?

Learning Objectives: Learning Objectives