Back to Annual Meeting Page
American Public Health Association
133rd Annual Meeting & Exposition
December 10-14, 2005
Philadelphia, PA
APHA 2005
3243.0: Monday, December 12, 2005 - Board 5

Abstract #107355

Factors associated with condom use among youth aged 15-24 in Brazil in 2003

Gabriela Calazans1, Teo Araujo1, Gustavo Venturi2, and Ivan Franca-Junior, MD PhD3. (1) Prevention, Sao Paulo State AIDS/STD Program, R. Santa Cruz, 81, Sao Paulo, 04121-000, Brazil, (2) Prevention, Criterium Assessoria de Pesquisas, R. Santa Cruz, 81, Sao Paulo, 04121-000, Brazil, (3) School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Avenida Dr. Arnaldo, 715 2o.andar sala 218, Sao Paulo, 01246-904, Brazil, 55 11 30 66 7127, ifjunior@usp.br

The main objective of this study was to analyse factors associated with lack of condom use among young people at last sexual intercourse with a steady or casual partner. A cross-sectional study involving 1170 household interviews and designed to build a representative sample of the population of young Brazilian residents aged 15-24 (2003). In the multivariate analysis of data, non-conditional logistic regression modelling was applied to assess determinants of condom use at last sexual intercourse among young people with steady or casual partners. The overall level of condom use at last sexual intercourse was high (60%), although significantly more common in casual sexual partnership. Cohabitation was associated with lack of condom use in both casual and steady partner encounters. In addition, being female, having less schooling, having no work history, and per capita family income above the minimum wage were factors related to not using condom in the group of young people who had their last sexual encounter with steady partners. Among young people with casual partners, such factors included inadequate knowledge of AIDS treatability and bereavement related to violence. This study confirmed that determinants of condom use among youth during last sexual intercourse vary according to whether partner was casual or steady. Prevention campaigns should develop specific messages for each of these contexts.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Condom Use, Youth

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

I wish to disclose that I have NO financial interests or other relationship with the manufactures of commercial products, suppliers of commercial services or commercial supporters.

Global Perspectives on HIV/AIDS

The 133rd Annual Meeting & Exposition (December 10-14, 2005) of APHA