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133rd Annual Meeting & Exposition
December 10-14, 2005
Irela Solorzano1, Rodolfo Peña, PhD2, Oswaldo Montoya3, Amy Bank1, Humberto Abaunza1, Jeanneth Corrales1, Mary C. Ellsberg, PhD4, and Julie Pulerwitz, ScD5. (1) Puntos de Encuentro, Apdo Postal RP-39, Managua, Nicaragua, (2) Department of Preventive Medicine, University of León, Edificio Central, Contiguo a Ig. La Merced, León, Nicaragua, (3) Asociación de Hombres Contra la Violencia, Residencial El Dorado, Farmacia Salazar 2c. al sur, Casa #51, Managua, Nicaragua, (4) Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH), 1600 K St. N.W., Suite 800, Washington, DC 20006, (5) Horizons project, PATH, 4301 Connecticut Avenue N.W., Suite 280, Washington DC, DC 20008, (202) 237-9400, firstname.lastname@example.org
HIV-related stigma is acknowledged as a major barrier to HIV prevention and care, but few large-scale studies have quantified this relationship among youth. Data were collected from a random sample of 4,567 male and female youth aged 13-24 in 3 large municipalities in Nicaragua. This research presents one of the first representative samples of 13-24 year olds in Nicaragua. HIV-related knowledge was relatively high, with 95% reporting that HIV had no cure, and 75% reporting that using condoms prevents transmission. Yet, risk behaviors were also substantial. Of sexually experienced youth (about half of the sample), 40% had occasional partners during the last 6 months. Only 31% used condoms consistently with occasional partners. 14% had ever taken an HIV test. HIV-related stigma was a major factor, as half of youth reported that homosexuals and sex workers were to blame for HIV, and only about half would be friends with someone living with HIV/AIDS. Three-fourths of respondents stated that a person with HIV/AIDS would be abandoned by their partner. Follow up data with this cohort of youth, after 6 months of a national ‘telenovela', radio show and community-based activities focused on stigma and HIV risk reduction, are currently being analyzed.
Keywords: HIV Risk Behavior, Youth
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I wish to disclose that I have NO financial interests or other relationship with the manufactures of commercial products, suppliers of commercial services or commercial supporters.
The 133rd Annual Meeting & Exposition (December 10-14, 2005) of APHA