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American Public Health Association
133rd Annual Meeting & Exposition
December 10-14, 2005
Philadelphia, PA
APHA 2005
3325.0: Monday, December 12, 2005 - Board 6

Abstract #114515

Effects of alcohol expectancies, self-efficacy, and cultural orientation on drinking patterns

Duane F. Shell, PhD1, Ian M. Newman, PhD1, Xiaoyi Fang, PhD2, and Brett P. Foley, MS3. (1) Department of Educational Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, P. O. Box 880345, 114 Teachers College Hall, Lincoln, NE 68588-0345, 402-472-3844, inewman1@unl.edu, (2) Department of Development Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beitaipingzhuang Road, Beijing, 100875, China, (3) Nebraska Evaluation and Research Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, P. O. Box 880383, 248 Teachers College Hall, Lincoln, NE 68588-0383

We used Structural Equation Modeling (Mplus V3.0) to examine the influences of Chinese students' alcohol expectancies, self-efficacy for regulating drinking, and cultural orientation on their drinking. Participants were 1018 Beijing high-school students (512 male; 506 female; age 12-19). The overall model had an acceptable fit (SRMR = .067; RMSEA =.039). Last 30 day drinking patterns were directly associated with higher self-efficacy and higher negative expectancies (coefficients = -.280 and -.193 respectively), but not positive expectancies or cultural orientation. Students oriented to more traditional Chinese values (for example, filial piety and deference to authority) reported higher positive expectancies, higher negative expectancies, and lower self-efficacy (coefficients = -.258, -.169, and 1.38 respectively). Students with stronger western orientations (for example, emulated Western popular culture and consumerism) reported higher positive expectancies, lower negative expectancies, and lower self-efficacy (coefficients = .575, -.342, and -.492 respectively). The implications of these results to the development of educational programs and policies to reduce alcohol related risks are discussed.

Learning Objectives: At the end of this session, participants will be able to

Keywords: International, Alcohol Use

Related Web page: tc.unl.edu/npcada

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

I wish to disclose that I have NO financial interests or other relationship with the manufactures of commercial products, suppliers of commercial services or commercial supporters.

Around the Community and Around the Globe: Alcohol Issues in Special Populations and in the International Community Poster Session

The 133rd Annual Meeting & Exposition (December 10-14, 2005) of APHA