Back to Annual Meeting Page
American Public Health Association
133rd Annual Meeting & Exposition
December 10-14, 2005
Philadelphia, PA
APHA 2005
Session: HIV/AIDS Risk for Married Women
5067.0: Wednesday, December 14, 2005: 8:30 AM-10:00 AM
HIV/AIDS Risk for Married Women
For many women around the world, their greatest risk of HIV infection comes from marital sex. In this multi-site comparative ethnographic study, five anthropologists returned to their long-term research sites in countries at different stages of the epidemic (nascent: Papua New Guinea; concentrated: Mexico and Vietnam; disseminated: Uganda and Nigeria) to explore how gender inequality combines with social stratification, labor migration,, and emerging ideals of romance to shape married women’s risk of HIV infection. Using Marital Case Studies, Key Informants Interview, Participant Observation and Archival Research, researchers found that social, cultural and economic factors combine to make men’s extramarital sex the exception rather the rule. This paper, which will introduce the panel, will provide an overview of the study methods, present comparative ethnography as a methodological strategy to enhance the generalizability and policy-relevance of qualitative data, and discuss the implications of study findings for the creation of evidence-based policy to prevent heterosexual HIV transmission.
Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of this panel, audience members should be able to: articulate how social, economic, and cultural factors intertwine to shape married women's HIV risk in five different countries.
Moderator(s):Jennifer S. Hirsch, PhD
8:30 AMLove, Marriage and HIV Summary and recommendations  [ Recorded presentation ]
Jennifer S. Hirsch, PhD, Shanti Parikh, PhD, Harriet M. Phinney, PhD, MPH, Daniel Smith, PhD, MPH, Holly Wardlow, PhD, MPH
8:45 AMLove, Marriage and HIV: A Multi-site Study of Gender and HIV Risk  [ Recorded presentation ]
Jennifer S. Hirsch, PhD
9:00 AM‘You get tired of eating beans every day’: Social, cultural and economic aspects of married women’s HIV risk in rural Mexico  [ Recorded presentation ]
Jennifer S. Hirsch, PhD
9:15 AM‘Rice is essential but tiresome, you should get some noodles’: Social, cultural and economic aspects of married women’s HIV risk in Ha Noi, Viet Nam  [ Recorded presentation ]
Harriet M. Phinney, PhD, MPH, Minh Huu Nguyen, PhD
9:30 AMModern marriage, extramarital sex, and HIV risk in southeastern Nigeria  [ Recorded presentation ]
Daniel Jordan Smith, PhD, MPH
9:45 AM‘Be faithful’: Cultural, social, and economic contradictions of the ABC message and married women’s HIV risk in Uganda  [ Recorded presentation ]
Shanti Parikh, PhD
10:00 AM“There is nothing to fence us in”: Men’s extramarital sex and married women’s HIV risk in rural Papua New Guinea  [ Recorded presentation ]
Holly Wardlow, PhD, MPH
See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement and author's information.
Organized by:Population, Family Planning, and Reproductive Health
Endorsed by:APHA-Committee on Women's Rights; Maternal and Child Health; Public Health Education and Health Promotion; Socialist Caucus; Women's Caucus
CE Credits:CME, Health Education (CHES), Nursing

The 133rd Annual Meeting & Exposition (December 10-14, 2005) of APHA