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Factors Influencing Condom Use Intention among Female Sex Workers in China

Ran Zhao, Insititute of Developmental Psychology, Beijng Normal University, XinjieKou wai street,No 19, Beijng, 100875, China, +861062206728, zhaoran1777@yahoo.com.cn

Objective: To assess the power of Health Belief Model to predict condom use intention among female sex workers (FSWs) in China. Goal: To explore female sex workers intention to consistent condom use in the future, and to assess its association with full HBM factors, including perceived HIV severity, HIV and STD susceptibility, condom use benefit and barrier, condom use self-efficacy by FSWs and cues-to-action of condom use intention. Study Design: Cross-sectional study among 454 establishment-based FSWs in one Chinese country. Result: Intention of consistent condom use in the future was moderate among female sex workers in China. Perceived condom use benefit is the most important factors (OR=2.50; 95% CI: 1.34-4.64) associated with these FSWs' future condom use intention. Perceived HIV severity is additional predictors for condom use intention (OR=1.44; 95% CI: 1.03-2.00). Excluding the influence of demographic characteristics, STD infection, gatekeeper's attitude to condom use and peer behavior, past condom use behavior provide significant additional predictor (OR=2.29; 95% CI: 1.83-2.87) for intention of FSWs' condom use. Conclusion: The HBM can be utilized to predict intention of consistent condom use among Female sex workers in China. Health care professionals should enhance the perception of the risk of HIV and STD infection and make consistent condom use become habit among FSWs. Training and skill acquisition regarding correct use of condoms should be needed to promote the perception of condom use benefit by FSWs.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Behavioral Research, Psychological Indicators

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Not Answered

Global Issues in HIV/AIDS

The 134th Annual Meeting & Exposition (November 4-8, 2006) of APHA