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Child health dynamics in Jharkhand: How does antenatal care and birth weight matter?

Tanvi Mishra1, Kumar Premchand1, and Dr. Subrato Kumar Mondal2. (1) Research, Monitoring and Evaluation, Child In Need Institute, 357-A, Ashok Nagar, Road # 5, Ranchi, India, 916512240463, premchandiips@sify.com, (2) Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Team, CINI-Child In Need Institute, CINI-Child In Need Institute, 357A Ashok Nagar, Road No-5, Ranchi, India

Child health is a crucial aspect, most particularly in the countries of the third world. Proper child health and nutrition, however cannot be nurtured in isolation, for it is dependent on many factors such as socio-economic conditions which in turn determine nutritional status and provision of accessible, affordable and acceptable health services. The objective of the current study is to find the impact of birth weight and antenatal care (ANC) on child health in terms of infant mortality and morbidities among infants. A longitudinal follow up survey conducted in rural Jharkhand, India collected data by systematic random sampling covering 195 villages and 996 women in the third trimester of pregnancy. Pregnancy, delivery care and disease prevalence data among children after one year of birth were collected through 4 surveys conducted one after the other. The first interview was conducted at the time of pregnancy, second within 48 hours of delivery, third was one month post delivery while the fourth survey happened one year after the child's birth. The first survey gathered all pregnancy related information; second birth weight and the third and fourth surveys recorded data on infant morbidities and mortalities. The association of ANC and birth weight to disease prevalence and infant mortality has thus been described. Preliminary results show that low birth babies are more prone to ARI. Logistic regression has been used to assess the impact of ANC, several other background variables and birth weight on child health.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Child Health, Prenatal Care

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Not Answered

Maternal Health

The 134th Annual Meeting & Exposition (November 4-8, 2006) of APHA