Back to Annual Meeting
Back to Annual Meeting
APHA Scientific Session and Event Listing

[ Recorded presentation ] Recorded presentation

Effect of Social Control and Personal Control on the Functional Health Status of Older Adults in Rural and Urban Taiwan

Tzu-I. Chiu, PhD, RN and Gale A. Spencer, PhD, RN. Decker School of Nursing, Binghamton University, PO Box 6000, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000, 607-777-6003, gspencer@binghamton.edu

With the increasing percentage of older adults in the Taiwanese population, the health care system must begin to formulate policies and programs necessary to meet the health care needs of this population. The purpose of this presentation is to describe the relationship among social control, personal control and functional health status among the older adult (60 years and older) population in rural and urban Taiwan. Using the data base of the Social Environmental and Biomarkers of Aging Study (SEBAS)(2000), a secondary analysis of the data was conducted using the Social Control and Psychological Distress Model as a framework. The SEBAS data base includes the health outcomes of the Taiwanese older adult population ages 54 91. For this research only adults sixty years and older were included in the data base (n = 814). Factorial analysis of variance and multiple regression were used to answer the seven research questions proposed by the model. Major findings of the study were that social control and personal control each had a statistically significant effect on the functional health status of older adults in Taiwan; however, location of residence (rural or urban) did not have an effect on functional status. The presentation will also discuss the demographic similarities and differences between the rural and urban populations. The presentation will conclude with a summary of policy implications for the future.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Elderly, Health Promotion

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Any relevant financial relationships? No

[ Recorded presentation ] Recorded presentation

Public Health Nursing and Global Health

The 134th Annual Meeting & Exposition (November 4-8, 2006) of APHA