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APHA Scientific Session and Event Listing

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS among African Men

A. Mark Freeman, PhD, C. Perry Brown, DrPH, and Gebre-Egziabher Kiros, PhD. College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences /Institute of Public Health, Florida A&M University, Science Research Center, Tallahassee, FL 32307, 850-412-7422, ge.kiros@famu.edu

HIV/AIDS is one of the most devastating epidemics in recorded human history and has already created enormous public health challenges. While declines in HIV prevalence appear to be underway in many developing countries, the number of people living with HIV/AIDS in the African continent continues to rise. According to UNAIDS, Africa is home to more than 60% of all people living with HIV. In addition, in much of Africa, knowledge about HIV transmission means is still low. The purpose of this study is to examine the epidemiology of HIV prevalence among African men by various socioeconomic characteristics and assess associations using odds ratios. In this analysis, recent data obtained from Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) in Africa will be used. So far there are only seven countries in Africa (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Tanzania, and Zambia) with completed HIV testing results and the current analysis covers these countries. The DHS HIV testing is very recent which is designed to provide nationally representative estimates of HIV rates. The primary outcome variable is HIV serostatus. The independent variables to be examined include sociodemographic characteristics (age, marital status, place of residence, education), circumcision, occupation, religion, HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and behavior and household wealth index. Stata software is used for analysis. Both unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios will be reported for each category using logistic regression models. Our results will be discussed with emphasis for possible targeted intervention to reach the high-risk group and the need for community education and outreach.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, International Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Organization/institution whose products or services will be discussed: N/A

Not Answered

Topics in HIV/AIDS I

The 134th Annual Meeting & Exposition (November 4-8, 2006) of APHA