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APHA Scientific Session and Event Listing
Session: Rationing, Human Rights, Money and Antiretrovirals: Observations from Lesotho, South Africa & Russia
3042.0: Monday, November 06, 2006: 8:30 AM-10:00 AM
Rationing, Human Rights, Money and Antiretrovirals: Observations from Lesotho, South Africa & Russia
This session will present contrasting perspectives on access to counseling, testing and treatment for HIV/AIDS. When resources are severely limited, is their a correct approach? What are the choices? For countries that must depend on donor funds, particularly for the purchase of Antiretrovirals (ARVs), is it most reasonable to assume that scaling-up, in and of itself, will attract the funds needed to sustain and further expand scale-up? Or , should countries assume donor largesse is limited and national needs are unlikely to be met by foreign resources? In the latter case what are the rationales for different choices? Are there clear rights and wrongs? This session will highlight the experiences of providers, policy analysts, policy advisers and advocates who will draw on their recent experiences from Lesotho, South Africa, Russia, the US and other countries with a view to illuminating policy and human rights dilemmas that, to varying degrees, affect many countries.
Learning Objectives: Participants will be able to discuss, analyze and articulate human rights conflicts facing countries of varying income levels with either a high or rising HIV prevalence. Participants will gain an understanding of the challenges that arise when funds available to support counseling, testing and particularly treatment with Antiretrovirals (ARVs) fall short of national need. Participants will appreciate, be able to articulate and discuss the dilemmas of rationing, priority setting and choices from the varying perspectives of advocacy groups, planners, providers and policy analysts.
Panelist(s):Jill Costello, MPH
George Annas, JD, MPH
Jennifer J. Furin, MD, PhD
Ruth Stark, RN, FNP, Ph D
Brian William Jack, MD
Michael Grodin, MD
William J. Bicknell, MD, MPH
Organizer(s):William J. Bicknell, MD, MPH
8:30 AMWhose Rights are Right? Lessons from Lesotho  [ Recorded presentation ]
William J. Bicknell, MD, MPH, Brian William Jack, MD
8:40 AMHuman Rights and Universal Access to Antiretroviral Therapy: The Example of Lesotho
Jim Yong Kim, MD, PhD, Jennifer J. Furin, MD, PhD
8:50 AMFaith-Based Organizations & the Delivery of Antiretrovirals in South Africa: A New Meaning  [ Recorded presentation ]
Ruth Stark, RN, FNP, Ph D
9:00 AMRationing at the policy and service delivery levels: Towards a more strategic and ethical response to HIV/AIDS in the Russian Federation  [ Recorded presentation ]
Jill Costello, MPH, Shona Schonning, MPH, Eltom A. Akram, MBBS, MPH
9:10 AMRationing ARVs In Resource Poor Countries: Human Rights and Ethical Issues
George Annas, JD, MPH, Michael Grodin, MD
See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement and author's information.
Organized by:International Health
Endorsed by:Socialist Caucus
CE Credits:CME, Health Education (CHES), Nursing

The 134th Annual Meeting & Exposition (November 4-8, 2006) of APHA