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APHA Scientific Session and Event Listing
5004.0: Wednesday, November 07, 2007 - Board 7

Abstract #146818

Relationship between Homelessness and Incarceration:A National Level Assessment

Greg Greenberg, NEPEC - VA Northeast Program Evaluation Center, Yale, 950 Campbell Ave, West Haven, CT 06511, 203-645-9789, greg.greenberg@yale.edu and Robert A. Rosenheck, MD, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, 950 Campbell Avenue, NEPEC (182), West Haven, CT 06516.

This study investigated the rate and correlates of homelessness among adult jail inmates. Data from a national jail survey was based on a random sampling survey of both convicted inmates and inmates being held prior to adjudication (N=6,953). Homeless inmates (i.e., those who experienced an episode of homelessness anytime in the year prior to incarceration) made up 15.3% of the U.S. jail population. Logistic regression was used to examine the extent to which homelessness was associated with factors, such as symptoms or treatment of mental illness, previous criminal justice involvement, and demographic characteristics. In comparison to other inmates, those who had been homeless were more likely to have committed a property crime, to have past criminal justice system involvement for both non-violent and violent offenses, to suffer from mental health and substance abuse problems and to be older, less educated, more likely to be unemployed, have an income of less than $1000, and single. Homeless people who are incarcerated in jails are far more disadvantages than other inmates. They are also more likely to be in jail less than one month. Implications for service delivery to homeless inmates are discussed.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Homeless, Jails and Prisons

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Any relevant financial relationships? No
Any institutionally-contracted trials related to this submission?

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

Issues Related to the Design, Implementation, and Effectiveness of Health Services for Homeless Populations

The 135th APHA Annual Meeting & Exposition (November 3-7, 2007) of APHA