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R. Dawn Comstock, PhD and Christy L. Collins, MA. Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH 43205, (614)355-2847, email@example.com
Purpose: To examine the advantages and disadvantages of using an internet-based data collection tool through a sports-injury study example.
Methods: Using an internet-based data collection tool, RIO(TM) (Reporting Information Online), certified athletic trainers (ATCs) from 100 high schools reported exposure and injury data for athletes participating in nine sports during the 2005-06 school year.
Results: 4,120 National Athletic Trainers' Association affiliated ATCs with valid emails were invited to participate with 425 (10.3%) agreeing to participate. ATCs from 95 of the 100 randomly selected participating schools reported data. Of these 95, 84 (88.4%) were fully compliant (completed all 42 weekly exposure and injury report forms), 5 (5.3%) had minor compliance problems, 2 (2.1%) had larger compliance problems (missing multiple weekly exposure/injury report forms), and 4 (4.2%) dropped out of the study. The non-response rate for individual questions on the injury report form was <2%. An internal validity audit of a 5% sample at the conclusion of the study found a sensitivity of 94.4%, a predictive value of a positive of 94.4%, and a specificity of 99.5%. All 33 ATCs who completed the satisfaction survey reported the system was very or somewhat easy to use.
Conclusions: Internet-based data collection tools can be an efficient and cost-effective way to study large numbers of geographically dispersed individuals, particularly in multi-report longitudinal studies. Such systems can capture high quality data with good subject compliance, low non-response rates, and low loss to follow-up. Limitations to such systems include: technical issues, accessing potential participants, and enrolling participants.
Keywords: Data/Surveillance, Epidemiology
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Any relevant financial relationships? No
Any institutionally-contracted trials related to this submission?
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.