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4130.0: Tuesday, November 06, 2007 - Table 4

Abstract #163022

A social epidemiological approach to reducing health disparities among Latina girls

Velia Leybas, MSW, MS, Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, UA Nat'l Center of Excellence in Women's Health, AZ Hispanic Center of Excellence, University of Arizona, 1501 N. Campbell Avenue, PO Box 245078, Tucson, AZ 85724-5078, 520-874-4931, vleybas@email.arizona.edu, Andrea Romero, PhD, Mexican American Studies & Research Center, University of Arizona, P.O. Box 210023, Tucson, AZ 85721-0023, Francisco Garcia, MD, MPH, Obstetrics and Gynecology; National Center of Excellence in Women's Heath; Arizona Hispanic Center of Excellence, University of Arizona, PO Box 245078, Tucson, AZ 85724, Robin Harris, PhD, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Arizona: College of Public Health & Arizona Cancer Center, 1215 N. Martin, Tucson, AZ 85750, and Denise J. Roe, DrPH, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Arizona, 1295 N. Martin A240, PO Box 245211, Tucson, AZ 85724-5211.

Literature shows a positive association between economics, education and health; thereby suggesting higher education levels increase the likelihood of greater wages and improved health. Disparities in health, education and economics are prevalent among Latinas. Using a social epidemiological lens, we developed an intervention for rural Latina girls with the intent of influencing intermediate variables, which have been linked to achieving higher education. The method included three phases. Phase I was from January through May 2005. A mixed method strategy was applied using quantitative and qualitative measures. Thirty, sixth grade and high school age girls with mean age 13.4 + 2.2 completed surveys and focus groups. Mothers of sixth grade girls completed surveys only. Domains measured were cultural identity and pride, gender roles, family, depressive symptoms and coping strategies. The findings of the first phase led to the development of Phase II, the pilot intervention (University Camp), completed in June 2005 over three days. Pretest showed a mean age of 11.8 + .56 among 22 girls. Paired t-tests analyzed data collected at baseline and follow-up. Findings from Phase II led to the expansion of the intervention to an after-school series of activities using the Go Grrrls curriculum followed by the University Camp. This presentation will describe a study progression leading to an intervention aimed at the reduction of health disparities among Latinas.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Adolescents, Health Disparities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Any relevant financial relationships? No
Any institutionally-contracted trials related to this submission?

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

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The 135th APHA Annual Meeting & Exposition (November 3-7, 2007) of APHA