145911 Correlates of exercise participation in adolescents

Tuesday, November 6, 2007

Ali Ammouri, RN, PhD , Adult Health Nursing, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan
Harsohena Kaur, MD, MPH , Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Geri Neuberger, RN, EdD , School of Nursing, University of Kansas, Kansas, KS
Byron Gajewski, PhD , School of Nursing, University of Kansas, Kansas, KS
Won Choi, PhD, MPH , Dept of Preventive Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this analysis was to determine correlates of exercise participation among adolescents. Design: A secondary analysis was conducted of data from a cross-sectional survey of 300 adolescents seen at an urban clinic. Using descriptive statistics and path analysis, we examined the direct and indirect effects of independent variables on exercise participation.Results: Independent variables accounted for 15% of variance in exercise participation. In gender stratified models, independent variables explained 18% of the variance for females. Older females were associated with lower exercise participation scores (b = - .273, ρ < .001). Adolescent females who reported a strong relationship with parent(s) reported higher exercise participation scores (b = .146, ρ < .05). Females with higher perception of environmental opportunities for exercise was associated with higher exercise participation (b = .180, ρ < .05). Depressive symptoms had the strongest indirect effect (β = -.10) on exercise participation via behavior-specific cognitions/affect factors among females. Conclusion: Results support that interventions to increase exercise should focus on older female adolescents. Providing information about environmental opportunities for exercise, enhancing relationship with parents, and intervening with adolescents at risk for depression might improve exercise rates in female adolescents.

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify factors affecting exercise participation in adolescent population 2. Recognize difference in exercise participation between males and females adolescent

Keywords: Adolescents, Exercise

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Any relevant financial relationships? No
Any institutionally-contracted trials related to this submission?

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.