157873 An expanded outlook on supervision: Mothers' perceptions

Tuesday, November 6, 2007

Christina Koulouglioti, RN, PhD , University of Rochester School of Nursing, Rochester, NY
Robert Cole, PhD , University of Rochester School of Nursing, Rochester, NY
Marian Moskow, BS , University of Rochester School of Nursing, Rochester, NY
Deborah Nelson, MS, RN , University of Rochester School of Nursing, Rochester, NY
Harriet Kitzman, RN, PhD , University of Rochester School of Nursing, Rochester, NY
Kimberly Sidora-Arcoleo, MPH, PhD , College of Nursing & Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ
Elizabeth Anson, MS , University of Rochester School of Nursing, Rochester, NY
Purpose: To explore mothers' perceptions, concerns, and competing demands related to child supervision, and to describe developmental changes. Methods: Three focus groups were conducted during December 2005 in Rochester, NY. Mothers of children ages 3 to 11 were recruited from varied socioeconomic and racial backgrounds. Audiotapes of the group discussions were transcribed and analyzed using content analysis. Transcriptions were first coded independently with authors then agreeing on common themes. Results: Mothers emphasized a broad notion of supervision that extended beyond injury prevention. They described a struggle between the need for protection and discipline and the promotion of values, growth, and independence. In addition, mothers shared their concerns about a range of potentially uncontrollable risks which threaten or interfered with establishing and maintaining an overall safe environment for their children. These risks stemmed from things like new technology, increasing violence, and various social pressures. These ideas were similar between mothers of preschool and school aged children. Conclusion: These results highlight the complex nature of supervision and require a broadened conceptualization that recognizes the breadth of mothers' concerns. Creating a comprehensive view of supervision is essential to the development of appropriate measures and enhances our understanding related to parental injury prevention activities.

Learning Objectives:
Learning objectives: 1. Describe mothers’ perceptions and concerns related to child supervision. 2. Discuss mothers’ ideas about the range of potential risk to children and issues associated with balancing the need for protection and the promotion of growth and autonomy. 3. Recognize the complexity of supervision and identify the need for a broad conceptualization which is essential in understanding parental injury prevention strategies.

Keywords: Children, Safety

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Any relevant financial relationships? No
Any institutionally-contracted trials related to this submission?

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.