160336 Level of Prejudices among Health Care Providers

Wednesday, November 7, 2007: 8:30 AM

M. E. Khan, Dr , Population Council, New Delhi, India
Hemlata Sadhwani , Capacity Building, Center for Operations Research and Training, Vadodra , Gujarat, India
The present paper presents findings of a an effort to develop a scale to measure prejudice of health providers against people living with AIDS( PLHA) and then use it to investigate the detriments of their prejudice. The scale developed was reliable on Cronbach's Alpha Coefficient at 0.88. The intrinsic validity based on Cronbach's Alpha Coefficient was 0.94. The study was carried out in Vadodara city, Gujarat. A structured tool was used to measure prejudices and the level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS. A sample of 50 doctors, 58 paramedics and 25 lab technicians were interviewed. The study shows that a higher percent of the paramedics (31 percent) than doctors (14 percent) reflected strong prejudices towards PLHA. Doctors reflected prejudices when it came to treatment/services, whereas paramedics reflected prejudices also with regard to family and social interaction, besides treatment/services. Female health providers exhibit higher level of prejudice than men. Application of logit regression revealed that training/ orientation in HIV/AIDS and correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS are the two strongest covariates of prejudice. Providers who had correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS had less prejudice as compared to those who had less or incorrect knowledge. It indicates that orientation of health providers and providing them correct information about the disease could go a long way in reducing prejudice of health provider against PLHA

Learning Objectives:
1.How to measure prejudices against PLHA? 2. How much the health providers have prejudices against PLHA? How it varies by types of providers? 3What are the determinants of prejudices against PLHA? 4. How to address this problem?

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Health Care

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Any relevant financial relationships? No
Any institutionally-contracted trials related to this submission?

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.