161717 Reducing health disparities in males in New Haven, Connecticut: Outreach, education and intervention

Sunday, November 4, 2007

Shuo He, MPH , College of Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY
Ann Bellenger, MPH , Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT
Patrick Byam, BS , School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT
Linda Alila, BA , School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT
Michael Klingler, BS , School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT
Gary Smart, MPA , Department of Community Health, Yale-New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT
BACKGROUND: Men in urban areas suffer disproportionately from preventable diseases, yet they underutilize primary care services, especially preventive services. Barriers to accessible health care and reasons for underutilization of health services include the lack of health insurance, as well as health beliefs and attitudes that are specific to men. When feeling well, men may be less likely to schedule routine checkups, waiting instead until an urgent health crisis arises. The emergency department then becomes a frequent source of primary care; Yale-New Haven Hospital has been experiencing a growing number of inpatients admitted with complications related to diabetes and/or hypertension. PURPOSE: This study assesses the behavioral, policy and environmental factors that influence men's healthcare-seeking behavior and their perceptions of health in New Haven, Connecticut. The study will function as an aid in creating effective interventions for health promotion at Yale-New Haven Hospital and elsewhere in the Greater New Haven area. METHODS: Data collection methods included a customized survey tool and focus group interviews to determine the health needs and perceptions among insured and uninsured adult males in New Haven. EXPECTED OUTCOME: The data collected during this study will be used to formulate community-based strategies in medical practices throughout the Greater New Haven area. The goals are increased health knowledge and education among men; more frequent use of preventive healthcare services; and reduced hospital admissions rates for ailments associated with preventable diseases.

Learning Objectives:
- Identify health perceptions among urban men - Discuss potential strategies for community-based health promotion among urban men

Keywords: Male Health, Community-Based Health Promotion

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Any relevant financial relationships? No
Any institutionally-contracted trials related to this submission?

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.