162434 Effects of a community-based exercise program on secondary conditions and participation in individuals with mobility impairments

Monday, November 5, 2007: 12:45 PM

Molly D. Listenberger, OTD , School of Medicine, Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO
Holly H. Hollingsworth, PhD , Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University, St. Louis, MO
Kerri A. Morgan, MSOT OTR/L , Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University, St. Louis, MO
David B. Gray, PhD , Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University, St. Louis, MO
The purpose of the presentation is to discuss a research study which describes the effects of a community-based exercise program for people with mobility impairments. The aims of the research study are the following: 1) To measure changes in health status among participants, specifically in regards to secondary conditions; 2) To measure changes in participation in the home and community; 3) To determine the relationship, if one exists, between exercise, secondary conditions, and participation. A within-groups single factor repeated measures design was used to measure the effects of the exercise program among 60 adults with mobility impairments. Prior to beginning exercise, participants completed a baseline survey and attended an orientation at the exercise facility. A personalized exercise program was created for each participant, and all participants exercised a minimum of one time per week for 12 weeks. All participants exercised at the Enabling Mobility Center, an accessible, community-based facility, and data was collected on self-reported frequency/severity of secondary conditions, strength and endurance, health-related limitations to participation, and frequency/quality of participation. In a preliminary study, 22 adults with mobility impairments exercised for 12 weeks and showed improvement in secondary conditions experienced. 12 out of 19 secondary conditions decreased in prevalence among exercisers from baseline to 3 months. Results from the current study will be discussed in this presentation. In addition, questions will be posed to senior investigators and fellow students in the student research roundtable discussion for future directions in health and wellness research for individuals with mobility impairments.

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify the secondary conditions that cause health-related limitations to participation in home and community activities in people with mobility impairments. 2. Recognize the impact of exercise on strength and endurance in individuals with mobility impairments. 3. Describe the effect of exercise on the participation levels of individuals with mobility impairments.

Keywords: Disability, Health Promotion

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Any relevant financial relationships? No
Any institutionally-contracted trials related to this submission?

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.