163406 Community-based participatory research on avian influenza in Burkina Faso and Nigeria: Implications for livelihood and public health policy

Monday, November 5, 2007: 5:15 PM

Serigne Diene, MPH, PhD , Global Health, Population and Nutrition Group, Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC
Eleonore Seumo , Global Health, Population and Nutrition Group, Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC
Karabi Acharya, ScD , Center for Global Health and Communication Marketing, Academy for Educational Development (AED), Washington, DC
Silvio Waisbord, PhD , Global Health, Population and Nutrition Group, Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC
Neil Ford , West Africa Regional Office, UNICEF, Dakar, Senegal
Susan Zimicki, PhD , Global Health, Nutrition and Population Group, Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC
In October-November 2006, AED and UNICEF/WCARO carried out community-based participatory action research (PAR) to explore the food security, livelihood and social/ cultural, implications of avian influenza in Burkina Faso and two states in Nigeria. Two communities, one rural and one peri-urban, were engaged in each location, with community members being directly involved in the research effort. PAR methods used included community mapping, seasonal calendars, transect walks, causal flow mapping, matrix ranking, focus group discussions and in-depth interviews. This presentation will share the results of this research, including insights on community perceptions of the causes and origins of avian influenza, the potential direct and indirect on livelihoods, food security and social/cultural aspects of community life, and barriers and facilitators to to changing practices to prevent avian influenza. Some key results with policy implications that will be discussed include the importance of social and ritual uses of chickens in all communities, gender and generations relations, perceptions of risks and flexibility for change conceptualizations of “ownership” and expectations for compensation for birds that die or are culled, the acceptability of quarantine as a control method, and underlying factors (such as fear of thieves) that may make adoption of improved practices difficult.

Learning Objectives:
Understand the process of participatory action research and how it was used to assess the food security, cultural and economic implications of avian influenza in Nigeria and Burkina Faso. Discuss some of the community perceptions of avian influenza in these two countries and how those perceptions impede or facilitate avian flu prevention and control measures. Discuss findings of the PAR study that have direct implications on policy and communication Articulate the differences between perceptions and beliefs related to poultry and avian influenza among the two countries, Nigeria and Burkina Faso.

Keywords: Participatory Action Research, Infectious Diseases

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Any relevant financial relationships? No
Any institutionally-contracted trials related to this submission?

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.