171007 Discrimination and health: Examining impacts of multiple minority status among Black lesbians

Tuesday, October 28, 2008: 11:10 AM

Chiamaka J. Okwu , Psychology, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA
Bianca D.M. Wilson, PhD , Psychology, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA
Discrimination experienced due to minority status with regard to sexuality, gender, or race has the potential to impact people's physical health (Bowen-Reid & Harrell, 2002) and mental health (Mays & Cochran, 2001), directly or indirectly through limited access to health care settings (Krieger & Fee, 1994; Matthews, Hughes, Osterman, Kadol, 2005; Mcnair, 2003; Phillips-Angeles, et al., 2004). While the experiences of being a multiple minority are often discussed as having an additive or compounding impact, particularly for lesbians of color (Greene, 1995), the hypothesis that experiencing multiple forms of discrimination increase the likelihood of health or health care access problems has not been fully explored. To contribute to the literature on the relationship between discrimination and health, we conducted a survey (n=89) of adult Black lesbian and bisexual identified women using convenience sampling methods. The survey included questions on multiple domains of health, such as current health status, health care setting access, mental health, and experiences with discrimination. The current study seeks to test the hypothesis that experiences with discrimination are correlated with health status and health care behaviors in the last 2 years. Further, this study will test whether there is a significant difference in health status and health care behaviors between those who have experienced one form of discrimination and those who have experienced more than one form of discrimination. Findings and implications for public health intervention development will be presented and discussed.

Learning Objectives:
Objective 1: Learn about main forms of discrimination that Black lesbians identify as salient in their lives; Objective 2: Learn about the statistical correlations between various forms of discrimination and health among a multiple minority group.

Keywords: Health Care Access, Minority Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have no financial investment or relationship with any commercial entity related to this research.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.