171033 Predictors of alcohol use and binge drinking using social cognitive theory among Asian Indian international college students

Monday, October 27, 2008

Samrat Yeramaneni, MBBS, MS , Dept. of Environmental Health/Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
Manoj Sharma, PhD , Health Promotion & Education Program, University of Cincinnati & Walden University, Cincinnati, OH
Donald I. Wagner, HSD , Health Promotion & Education, University of Cincinnati, Cinicnnati, OH
Although extensive literature documents that alcohol use and binge drinking exists among college students, limited studies have been done among international college students. One such group is the Asian Indian international college students. Social cognitive theory is an established behavioral theory and is used in predictive studies. This study examined the extent to which selected social cognitive theory constructs have an influence on alcohol use and binge drinking among Asian Indian International students. A 46-item scale to measure expectations, self-efficacy, self control and situational perceptions of alcohol use and binge drinking was developed and validated for face and content validity by a panel of five experts in a two round process. Test-retest reliability and internal consistency of the survey instrument were calculated (n=25). The main study (n=225) was conducted online at two mid-western universities for a period of four months. Participants completed various items tapping the frequency and quantity of alcohol use and attitudes associated with alcohol use. Results highlighted that there was problem of alcohol use among Asian Indian International students and further showed a statistical significance and relation between the constructs of social cognitive theory and its influence on alcohol use and binge drinking behavior among them. Interventions for this community must build on influencing these constructs. Study participants also recommended that interventions in this community should be conducted for at least one year through a local community center.

Learning Objectives:
At the end of this presentation the participants will be able to: 1. Describe how social cognitive theory has been used in predicting alcohol and binge drinking behaviors among Asian Indian international college students. 2. Apply social cognitive theory to develop alcohol prevention interventions. 3. Replicate similar descriptive studies in other ethnic groups and settings.

Keywords: Alcohol, Alcohol Use

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have conceptualized the study with my co-authors and systematically collected the data
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.