173399 Developing a Transboundary Resource for Female Genital Mutilation Prevention

Tuesday, October 28, 2008

A-Reum Han, BS, MPH , Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA
Xena Grossman, MS, RD , Division of General Pediatrics, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA
Anne Merewood, PhD, MPH, IBCLC , Division of General Pediatrics, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA
Background: The Childbirth Picture Book (CPB), a picture-based guide to conception, pregnancy and childbirth, is distributed fee-of-charge to developing nations. Separate inserts, to educate communities and individuals about female genital mutilation (FGM), are distributed in nations where this is commonplace. This resource is unique in that it is designed for high risk populations. However, like other FGM didactic materials, it is not research-based and field-tested. The creation of resources that are culturally appropriate and designed for individuals with low literacy skills, is an important step in preventing FGM.

Objective: To research available FGM didactic material, update the current FGM insert, and field test FGM prevention prototypes.

Method: We searched English-language governmental and non-governmental websites to identify pamphlets, posters and other visual media that promotes FMG prevention at the community level. We generated a report that demonstrates the variety of these resources, and sent a selection of these resource to our field-contacts in Africa. Based on their feedback, we redesigned the FGM insert for the CPB, making the writing more concise and the pictures more culturally appropriate.

Results: Didactic resources, that are appropriate for the prevention of FGM among high-risk populations, are limited. As a result of this research, we have created prototype FGM inserts that will be further tested by our field partners in nations which still experience FGM.

Conclusion: Limited resources exist that are appropriate for FGM prevention at the community level. However, by collaborating with field partners internationally, this prototype has the potential to be used in any setting that still experiences FGM, regardless of the countries borders.

Learning Objectives:
1. Summarize available didactic material on female genital mutilation prevention. 2. Recognize the need for developing picture-based resources to educate high risk populations on female genital mutilation prevention. 3. Understand the important role of cultural competency in designing resources to be used at the community level in the prevention of female genital mutilation.

Keywords: Female Genital Mutilation, Maternal Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Running the program described
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.