174124 A study of Black Seventh-day Adventists' adherence to recommended physical activity levels based on socioeconomic status

Sunday, October 26, 2008

Patti Herring, PhD, RN , School of Public Health, Dept. Health Promotion & Ed, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Nicceta Davis, PhD, PT , Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Larry Beeson, DrPH , Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Gary Fraser, MD, PhD , Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Healthful living has been promoted from the early days of the SDA Church since the late 1800's. Although recommendations were not based on empirical data it was suggested that: exercise aids in proper digestion, enhances blood flow, increases function of all body organs, and helps reduce the effects of chronic illnesses. A simple vegetarian diet of natural foods (fruits, grains, nuts) reduces the risk for developing debilitating diseases, and helps rebuild and restore the body to normal functions after illnesses.

The purpose of this study was to determine the physical activity (PA) practices of Black SDAs. The aims were to determine if they meet CDC recommended PA level, to investigate the association between PA and SES, and to identify PA predictors.

Data were analyzed from 20,472 respondents who completed a 48 page survey that asked questions about medical history, eating habits, PA, and other demographics.

Proportions were determined using descriptive statistics, association between PA and SES was determined using Chi-square test for independence, and logistic regression was used to identify predictors of engaging in PA.

Although 53% of respondents had a regular exercise program, only 31% met CDC's recommended levels, and 68% of those individuals were overweight or obese. Chi-square analysis revealed a statistically significant association between PA and SES (p<.0001). Educational level was identified to have the main effect on PA.

Black SDA would benefit from changing PA practices to meet CDC's recommendations.

Learning Objectives:
By the end of the presentation, participants will be able to: 1. Identify three key factors that affect Black SDAs' participation in CDC recommended levels of physical activity. 2. Identify three socioeconomic factors linked to Black SDAs participation in recommended levels of physical activity. 3. Identify the relationship between self-reported levels of physical activity and its affect on reports of over weight and obesity.

Keywords: Health Disparities, African American

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a investigator on the research project and helped collect and disseminate data.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.