180672 Quality of Life, Acculturation, Depression, and Social Support among Normal, Pre-diabetic, and Diabetic Mexican Americans

Wednesday, October 29, 2008

Ranjita Misra, PhD , Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
Linda Castillo, PhD , Dept of Educational Psychology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
Although the severity and burden of type 2 diabetes is higher among Mexican Americans, there is a paucity of studies examining the impact of diabetes on quality of life (QOL) in this ethnic group. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among demographic variables (age, gender), acculturation, moderating variables (depression, social support, and lifestyle behaviors), and QOL among normal, pre-diabetic, and diabetic Mexican American adults using a path model. Respondents comprised of 208 Mexican Americans recruited through faith based organizations in Texas. Mean age of the respondents was 44.5b 13.36 years. The majority of the respondents were females (57.1%), not born in the US (79%), currently married (71.6%), and had a high school education or less (86%). Mexican Americans with diabetes and pre-diabetes were significantly older than those with normal blood sugar levels. Acculturation and lifestyle behaviors were associated with QOL and path coefficients were statistically significant. Older individuals were less acculturated than younger individuals. Healthier lifestyle was significantly associated with younger age, being a male, and higher number of years lived in the US. Further, individuals with higher social support were less depressed than those with lower support. Prevalence of diabetes was associated with older age and more number of years lived in the US. The indexes of fit for the tested model indicated a good fit; the predictors accounted for 34% of the variance in QOL among Mexican Americans. Implications of the results will be discussed.

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe the quality of life and burden of diabetes among Mexican Americans. 2. List the lifestyle behaviors and social support among normal, pre-diabetic, and diabetic Mexican Americans. 3. Discuss the predictors of quality of life for this ethnic group.

Keywords: Depression, Quality of Life

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the PI of the project
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.