180880 Targeting persons who are at risk for driving under the influence: How do individual differences relate to drinking and driving behavior?

Tuesday, October 28, 2008

Annesa Flentje, MA , Department of Psychology, University of Montana, Missoula, MT
Bryan N. Cochran, PhD , Dept. of Psychology, University of Montana, Missoula, MT
Abby Kiklevich Carleton, MA , Clinical Psychology, University of Montana, Missoula, MT
Motor vehicle accidents are a leading cause of death in the United States, with alcohol related accidents accounting for approximately 40% of all accidents (Subramanian, 2005). The present study focused on individual differences that may have a relationship with drinking and driving, with the ultimate goal of designing targeted anti-DUI interventions. A sample of 137 undergraduate psychology students and 17 persons who were mandated to treatment for driving under the influence were administered measures including the Sensation Seeking Scale Form V (Zuckerman, 1994), the Fear Survey Schedule III (Wolpe and Lang, 1964), and questions regarding drinking and driving behavior and risk perception. High sensation seeking was predictive of both a higher frequency of driving after drinking in the past year and a higher maximum number of drinks that someone had consumed prior to driving within the past year. Overall fearfulness was not predictive of frequency of driving after drinking, but was predictive of the largest number of drinks consumed before driving, with higher fearfulness ratings predicting lower consumption of drinks. Perception of risk was also predictive of the frequency of driving after drinking and the maximum number of drinks consumed before driving, with higher concern about risk being associated with less drinking and driving behavior. Future health interventions concerning drinking and driving may need to work to specifically target persons who are high in sensation seeking, low in fearfulness, and perceive driving after drinking to be a relatively low-risk behavior.

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify which individual characteristics have strong relationships with drinking and driving behaviors. 2. Consider who could be targeted for drinking and driving prevention interventions.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I helped with the conceptualization of the project and know the material presented in the poster
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.