183459 Epidemiology of Disability among 15 Years and Older People in Nilufer District, Bursa, Turkey

Tuesday, October 28, 2008: 3:15 PM

Seher Nacarkucuk , Department of Public Health, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey
Emel Irgil , Department of Public Health, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey
Disability is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. In developing countries, one in every ten people lives with one or more disability.

This study was done to determine the prevalence, type and causes of disability among 15 years and older people and socio-demographic characteristics of disabled persons in Nilufer District, Bursa, Turkey.

The mean age of randomly selected study population was 37,84 0,51. There were 478 women (50,5 %) and 468 men (49,5 %). The prevalence of disability in whole population, in women and in men were 10,8 %, 10,3 % and 11,3 %, respectively. The prevalence of disability was higher in older group. Disabled people had significantly lower education and higher unemployed levels. Their families had also significantly lower income. The movement disability was higher among the disabled and the disability of seeing and hearing were in the second and third order, respectively. The causes of disabilities were chronic diseases and old age (52,3 %), accidents (19,5 %), infectious diseases (16,4 %) and congenital abnormalities (11,2 %).

Disability is a social condition resulting from education problems of population, negative environmental conditions, insufficient health services and infrastructure. Thus, primary prevention principles should have the priority in order to prevent the disability. At some conditions that may not be preventable, early diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation should be performed.

Learning Objectives:
1- Learn the prevalence of disability of the developed part of the developing country. 2- Recognize the causes of disability according to age, gender and educational level etc. 3- Develop a health care system in order to decrease the prevalence of disability and improve living conditions for disabled people.

Keywords: Disability, Developing Countries

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: For Planners/Organizers: Include past or present experience/expertise in planning, coordinating or organizing educational activities or similar types of work.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.