186574 A Hispanic Paradox Exception: Results on violence-related outcomes from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health

Wednesday, October 29, 2008

Jamie Mihoko Doyle, PhD , Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Charles C. Branas, PhD , Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA
Objectives: This study examines whether disparities in violence-related outcomes for Mexicans vary by generational status and if the concentration of recent immigrants in neighborhoods has protective effects.

Data/Methods: We use data from waves I through III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) to investigate risks of violence-related injury and perpetration of violence acts and related predictors. Analyses of five outcomes are performed using weighted and variance-corrected generalized logistic regression models. The outcomes are: (1) ever been shot with a firearm, (2) ever pulled a weapon on someone, (3) ever had a weapon pulled on you, (4) ever carry a weapon to school or work, (5) and ever witness someone shoot or stab another person.

Results: First generation Mexican immigrants are not statistically different from higher generations in violence victimization and perpetration. Generational status and the neighborhood concentration of immigrants are jointly protective. However, after controlling for socioeconomic status, criminal activity, generational status, and the concentration of recent immigrants in neighborhoods, Mexican youth persistently have risks of violence-related outcomes similar to non-Hispanic Blacks.

Conclusion: Generational status and the concentration of immigrants in Census blocks are protective factors for violence victimization, perpetration, and violence exposure. Regardless of generational status, Mexicans consistently exhibit risks of violent outcomes that are similar to non-Hispanic Blacks net of all modeled controls. These findings underscore the need to investigate further the social etiology of violence among disadvantaged minority groups to inform future intervention programs.

Learning Objectives:
Describe the Hispanic Paradox and its relevance to youth violence Assess the risks of violence-related outcomes among Mexican youth using a nationally-representative study Discuss the need for violence intervention programs targeted to Mexican youth

Keywords: Youth Violence, Hispanic Youth

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: * Doctorate in Demography with specialization in racial/ethnic differences in health * Previously taught undergraduate course on race and ethnicity in the U.S. at the University of Pennsylvania * Currently a postdoctoral fellow working in the field of injury epidemiology with Charles Branas and Douglas Wiebe at the University of Pennsylvania.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.