186996 Community mobilization strategies for reducing racial and ethnic disparities in diabetes: Lessons learned from the Bronx Health REACH 2010 Project

Wednesday, October 29, 2008: 9:15 AM

Amanda M. Navarro, DrPH, MPH , Division of Adult and Community Health, NCCDPHP, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
C. Shannon Griffin-Blake, PhD , Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Pattie Tucker, DrPH, RN , Division of Adult & Community Health, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Charmaine Ruddock, MS , Bronx Health REACH, New York, NY
Racial and ethnic disparities in diabetes persist among African Americans/Blacks and Hispanic/Latinos. Efforts for effectively eliminating such disparities necessitates moving beyond individual risk-reduction strategies to population-based approaches that address broader social and environmental conditions. This includes engaging communities most affected to be key actors in improving such conditions. A qualitative case study was conducted of the Bronx Health REACH 2010 Project to examine community-mobilizing strategies employed to address poor nutrition among African Americans/Blacks and Hispanics/Latinos residing in South Bronx, New York neighborhoods. Transcripts from semi-structured focus groups (n=4) and in-depth interviews (n=9) were analyzed and encoded through a qualitative software program (HyperResearch) to generate themes. Participants identified several mobilization strategies for improving access to healthy foods within school- and faith-based sectors including: coalition building; participation of community and spiritual leaders; trainings among community members and partners; and advocacy efforts. Lessons learned and recommendations for galvanizing a spectrum of community partners and members in order to achieve greater impact on eliminating racial and ethnic disparities in diabetes are offered. Community mobilization strategies can empower community members to take control of their lives and catalyze community capacity-building that will ultimately ensure sustainability and eliminate disparities.

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe how a qualitative research study examined community mobilization strategies used to address racial and ethnic disparities in diabetes 2. Identify possible community mobilization strategies to implement within community-based health programs 3. Analyze lessons learned in utilizing community-based mobilization strategies

Keywords: Community Participation, Health Disparities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I conducted data collection and analysis for this qualitative study.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.