187065 Community health assessment: Planning, evaluating, and implementing a water system in rural Dominican Republic

Tuesday, October 28, 2008: 12:50 PM

Jennifer Nelson , Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH
Michelle Del Toro, MPH, MALS , Division of Infectious Diseases, MetroHealth System, Cleveland, OH
Purpose: Conduct a community health assessment to plan, evaluate, and implement a water system in rural Dominican Republic. Background: More than one billion people do not have access to clean water. Water-related diseases are the leading cause of death in the world and are responsible for 80 percent of all sickness in the world. Methods: In-home surveys with heads of household in rural Dominican Republic will be conducted in May 2008 to determine social and behavioral determinants of health such as hygiene and sanitation, sexual behaviors, and quality of life. STATA and public health records will be used to further analyze findings. Results: A pre-health assessment survey conducted in March 2007 found that households that boiled water had less prevalence of disease. Conclusions: The implementation of a water system will decrease the prevalence of disease associated with poor water quality and access. Health education programs to provide the community with better understanding on the spread of water-borne disease are of essence for the new water system to be more effective.

Learning Objectives:
Learn about the burden of disease in rural Dominican Republic where there is lack of water access Learn about the social and behavioral determinants of health in this rural community before the implementation of a new water system.

Keywords: Rural Communities, Water

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I worked on developing the survey instrument used in the planning and evaluation of the intervention.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.