187893 Commercial and social disturbance and restrictions at the U.S.- Mexico border (1891-1924): An improvement to the public's health?

Monday, October 27, 2008: 10:35 AM

Ana Maria Carrillo, PhD , Department of Public Health - School of Medicine, Universidad Nacinal Autónoma de México, México D.F, Mexico
This paper explores the role played by restrictions imposed on persons and goods entering from Mexico to the US, in advancing sanitary practices in that country from 1891 to 1924. This study analyzes the Mexican participation in the American Public Health Association and in the International Sanitary Office, and the impact it had in urging Mexico to reorganize the Supreme Board of Health of the Mexican Republic and to draft a Sanitary Code (1891). This Sanitary Code awarded the Mexican federal executive the authority to be in charge of the Sanitary Service of all ports and frontiers, as well as to establish the National Departments of Health (1917) –which took under its charge the public hygiene of the entire nation–. The analysis includes the role played by the Sanitary Convention of Washington, signed in 1905, in preventing the invasion and propagation of infectious diseases from one country to another, and also its role in protecting foreign trade. Finally, I analyze the scopes and limits of the enforcement of interstate notification of epidemic diseases, vaccine protection for immigrants, and disinfection of infected people and things, on both sides of the US-Mexican border.

Learning Objectives:
To explain the historical national impact of participation in international organizations such as the American Public Health Association and in the International Sanitary Office during the first quarter of the 20th century. To identify specific health regulations that resulted from historical conflicts related to the restrictions imposed on people and goods entering the U.S at the U.S.-Mexico border.

Keywords: History, International Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have a Ph.D. in history
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.