189217 Epidemiology of Recidivism

Monday, October 27, 2008: 1:05 PM

Allan S. Noonan, MD, MPH , School of Community Health and Policy, Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD
Repeat offenders directly and indirectly impact national public health and criminal justice policy. National public health policy, for example, tends to focus on the myriad of health related issues that impact our society, from infectious diseases to occupational injuries. However, when examining the impact of national health policy in relation to criminal justice policy, we rarely, if every, see open dialogue or policy papers discussing their relationship. The sciences of epidemiology and criminology share common theories that take into account the “epidemiology of recidivism”. These can include, but not be limited to, type of crime, race, gender, and age of offenders, the geographic location of the offender's residence in relation to where their lawbreaking began, environmental factors that may have precipitated their lawlessness, and the impact on the families of perpetrators when a crime is committed and processed through the criminal justice system. While many of these factors are controlled for across multiple analytical models, rarely does such analysis discuss the “epidemiology of recidivism” with respect to prisoner re-entry back into society, back into families, and its impact from an epidemiological criminology perspective. In summary, this presentation will focus on how recidivism impacts public health and criminal justice policy, especially as it leads to the “domino effect” and the impact of incarceration and re-entry as a “familial disease.”

Learning Objectives:
1. To increase the awareness of the relationship between national public health policy and national criminal justice policy. 2. To identify epidemiological factors that directly relate to prison systems and prisoner re-entry from a public health perspective. 3. To frame the public health impact of incarceration on perpetrator, family, and community.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Presented extensively at national and international conferences around topics similarly related.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.