189908 An Assessment of Smoking in Two Brazilian Universities

Monday, October 27, 2008: 12:30 PM

Valeska Figueiredo, MD , Ary Frauzino Foundation, Rio de Janiero, Brazil
Leticia Casado , Ary Frauzino Foundation, Rio de Janiero, Brazil
Liz Almeida , Ary Frauzino Foundation, Rio de Janiero, Brazil
Andre Szklo , Ary Frauzino Foundation, Rio de Janiero, Brazil
Fatima Batalha , Ary Frauzino Foundation, Rio de Janiero, Brazil
Elaine Masson , Ary Frauzino Foundation, Rio de Janiero, Brazil
Frances Stillman, EdD , Johns Hopkins, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
Brazil has demonstrated a large reduction in smoking prevalence from 1989 to 2003 as well as having implemented many tobacco control policies and ratified the Framework Convention. However, youth and young adults have not shown the same overall decrease in smoking prevalence as seen in other segments of the Brazilian population. Another interesting finding is that smoking prevalence was much higher in the southern region of the country: a region dominated by tobacco farming. While Brazil has conducted numerous studies to assess prevalence, no studies have examined environmental factors that may be contributing to higher smoking rates. In order to understand why young adults are not decreasing their smoking and why smoking rates are even higher in southern Brazil, a study was conducted in two universities among 18-24 year olds. In addition to a survey of students, focus groups and observational scans of the neighborhoods surrounding the universities were also conducted to gather more information about social and environmental factors that could be contributing to high smoking rates. These factors included point of purchase advertising, sales of single sticks of cigarettes, university smoking rules and home policies. This study provided some of the first data on these environmental factors that will now be used to plan more effective interventions for university studies. One of the most important actions identifies is the need to institute university smoking policies since many faculty and smoking students are smoking inside university buildings. This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center.

Learning Objectives:
1. Recognize the need to compare different country regions to fully understand smoking prevalence and associated factors. 2. Determine the social and environmental factors associated with young adult smoking in Brazil. 3. Discuss the issues of single cigarette sales, as well as university and home smoking policies on smoking rates in university students.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: work in tobacco
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.